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Dental prosthetics


DESCRIPTION


Our task is to fight for each tooth, but if the tooth is seriously damaged or lost, the denturists of the dental center SIA Klīnika Denta will be happy to help you by installing a removable or non-removable denture, replacing lost or restoring damaged teeth.

We guarantee that prostheses will be made using the state-of-the-art dental technology and the highest quality materials. In our clinic, denturists work alongside professional dental technicians – highly qualified specialists with extensive practical experience, thus doing everything to ensure that you do not only receive high-class dental services in our clinic, but also feel comfortable in a pleasant atmosphere.

Offered dental prosthetic services

  1. Fixed dentures:

Metal with a ceramic coating is used as the base of cermet crowns, providing an aesthetic effect as a result. These types of crowns are usually used for severely damaged teeth.

Cermet crowns are sufficiently aesthetic, but it should be taken into account that often the metal shines through the porcelain or ceramic coating, adding a shade of grey. Therefore, our experts recommend using them for lateral teeth. Another factor to consider when choosing a cermet crown – over time, the gum above it turns bluish. And this is usually especially pronounced in the incisors.

A little about the procedure itself:

In the first session, the tooth is prepared for prosthetics – an X-ray is made to make sure that the tooth and its roots can withstand the load. If the tooth is severely damaged and the specialist’s prognosis is not positive, our dentists will recommend making a metal or zirconium root inlay, which will be cemented in place of the roots, ensuring long service life of the crown. This is followed by grinding the tooth, creating a place for a metallic crown. In the next stage, dental impressions are taken and sent to the dental technical laboratory. It is important to emphasize that in order to protect the prepared tooth and to prevent the ground tooth from being damaged during the production of the cermet, our dentist will make a temporary plastic crown that will protect the tooth.

By the second session, the dental technician will have prepared the frame from a cobalt-chromium alloy, which is a very durable metal, and the patient tries out the denture, so that the doctor is absolutely sure that the frame is comfortable and fits the patient perfectly.

At the third session, the dental technician will have a cermet crown ready. At this point, the patient evaluates whether they like the colour and shape of the crown. It is important to note that our clinic is unique, because we have our own dental technical laboratory, hence, we will be able to fulfil any patient’s wishes right on site, significantly saving time. If the patient’s acceptance follows at this stage and they like the new crown, the dentist cements the crown and the patient can enjoy their beautiful smile.

We recommend choosing zirconium ceramic or zirconia crowns if the patient needs a 100% aesthetically pleasing tooth that is exactly the same colour and functionally equivalent to a natural tooth. It is almost impossible to distinguish this type of crown from a natural tooth, because the crown can be painted in any desired tooth colour.

Properties of zirconium ceramic crowns:

  • Crown arches made of zirconia are already basically the colour of your natural teeth, which is significantly different to the grey metal frame;
  • Greater tooth transparency, which creates an increased effect of a natural tooth;
  • Zirconium oxide is non-allergenic;
  • The material is gum friendly;
  • Unlike cermet crowns, this crown does not turn the gum blue.
  • The zirconia crown requires minimal tooth grinding (0.4-0.5 mm) to give an aesthetic result;
  • Zirconium is lighter than metal, more similar to a natural tooth in the mouth.
  • Zirconium is very durable.

Other types of non-removable dentures we offer:

  • Metal crown on Implant;
  • Zirconium crown on Implant;
  • Cast metal crowns;
  • Plastic crowns;
  • Stamped metal crowns;
  • Stamped metal box crowns.
  1. Removable dentures:

The missing tooth in the mouth can also be successfully replaced with removable structures that are not finally fixed in the mouth, i.e., the missing teeth in the mouth can also be replaced with removable structures. These prostheses are removed for hygiene, meaning that the artificial teeth in the oral cavity are not permanently fixed.

To make removable dentures, plastic is used and sometimes the structure is combined with metal to make it more durable. Removable structures are also combined with implants when the bone in the mouth is severely retracted or resorbed, ensuring the stability of the prosthesis and patient comfort.

  1. Total or full prosthesis:

Total plates are made when there are no teeth left in either of the jaws. A longer adaptation process must be taken into account for this type of prosthesis, because one has to get used to talking and eating again. This is also the most economical option to replace such a large loss of teeth in the mouth.

The stability of a total prosthesis is ensured by soft and hard tissues, being the reason why over time it will be necessary to see a dentist again to adjust or reposition the denture to the new shape of soft tissue.

To make a total removable prosthesis, four steps must be considered:

  1. Medical consultation and taking impressions;
  2. Making an impression with an individual spoon and cutting wax bolsters;
  3. Teeth waxing, during which a dental technician places plastic teeth in wax;
  4. Dentures are made of plastic and given to the patient for use.

After making a total removable prosthesis, one to two additional sessions may be required, during which the prosthesis is adjusted to the oral cavity as much as possible so that the patient feels comfortable with it.

In practice, it is common for mandibular prostheses to have a bone defect and the total removable prosthesis does not hold properly and falls out. In such cases, the only solution is to insert the implants that will hold the prosthesis later. This is the only way to achieve comfort in case of jaw bone resorption.

  1. Partial prosthesis:

Partial dentures are used in case of partial loss of teeth. The partial plate is stabilized and rests on the teeth that remain in the mouth. The partial plate is made of plastic with clasps. It can be metallic or transparent – tooth-coloured, resting on teeth that stabilize the prosthesis in the oral cavity.

Production of partial prosthesis:

  1. Medical consultation and taking impressions;
  2. Determination of occlusion – cutting of wax bolsters;
  3. Teeth waxing – a dental technician places plastic teeth in wax;
  4. The denture is made of plastic and is ready to be transferred to the patient.

After making a total removable prosthesis, one to two additional sessions may be required, during which the prosthesis is adjusted to the oral cavity as much as possible so that the patient feels comfortable with it.

  1. Ivocap removable prosthesis:

One of the main prerequisites for a good prosthesis is the choice of high-quality plastic. The comfort, durability, and service life of the prosthesis, as well as the absence of allergic reactions to plastic, depend on the base, which is made of plastics.

Advantages of Ivocap removable dentures:

  • The technology used to make Ivocap plastic ensures its accuracy and stability;
  • The Ivocap plastic is maximally bio-inert or fully compatible with human tissues, it does not release excess monomer during its use, therefore not causing inflammation of the gums or allergic reactions;
  • Studies have shown that Ivocap plastic is very durable, ensuring a long service life of the prosthesis.
  1. Flexible Valplast or Deflex system prosthesis:

Valplast or Deflex systems are another option used to create total or partial dentures. They are flexible plastics that can be bent without rupture.

Advantages of Valplast and Deflex flexible prostheses:

  • These plastics have an aesthetic appearance because the colour of the base plastic can be adapted to the colour of the gum tissue;
  • Transparent or tooth-coloured clasps can be used;
  • These plastics are not allergenic;
  • Simple and easy to use.
  1. Metal arch prostheses:

Metal arch prostheses are comfortable and easy for the patient to get used to. These prostheses have a finer structure and a high level of fixation, but it is important to note that the prosthesis must rest on healthy teeth or crowns.

Repair of dentures

We can also help our patients immediately with the repair of dentures. Our dentists and dental technicians work together, therefore our dental technicians can provide an immediate repair of the denture. For example, in the case of a broken plate, it takes 1.5-5 hours. But if a tooth has fallen out of the prosthesis or the clasp has broken, then there are dental prosthetists working daily at SIA Klīnika Denta who will be able to help quickly.

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